consumir


consumir
v.
1 to consume (producto).
en casa consumimos mucho aceite de oliva we use a lot of olive oil at home
consumir drogas to take drugs
consumir preferentemente antes de… best before…
María consumió sus ahorros Mary consumed her savings.
La malaria consumió a Pedro The swamp fever consumed Peter.
La pasión consumió a Ricardo The passion consumed Richard.
2 to use, to consume.
esta estufa consume mucha electricidad this heater uses a lot of electricity
mi coche consume cinco litros a los cien my car does twenty kilometers to the liter
3 to destroy (destruir) (sujeto: fuego).
le consumen los celos (figurative) he is eaten up by o consumed with jealousy
4 to burn up.
El auto consume mucha gasolina The car burns up too much fuel.
* * *
consumir
verbo transitivo
1 (gastar, usar) to consume, use
2 (destruir) to destroy, consume
el fuego consume la madera fire destroys wood
3 (tomar) to take, consume
en España se consume más aceite de oliva que en otros países de Europa more olive oil is consumed in Spain than in other European countries
no consumimos alcohol we don't drink alcohol
4 figurado (carcomer, afligir) to consume; (poner nervioso) to get on one's nerves, infuriate
la envidia lo consumía he was consumed with envy
verbo pronominal consumirse
1 (extinguirse) to burn out
2 (secarse) to boil away
3 (destruirse) to be destroyed
4 figurado (afligirse) to waste away
5 figurado (carcomerse) to be consumed, be devoured
* * *
verb
to consume
* * *
1. VT
1) [+ comida, bebida, droga] to consume frm

en este bar se consume más vino que cerveza — more wine than beer is drunk o frm consumed in this bar

consúmase inmediatamente después de abierto — consume immediately after opening

solo consumo alimentos frescos — I only eat fresh food

en casa no consumimos leche de cabra — we don't drink goat's milk at home

no pueden sentarse aquí si no van a consumir nada — you can't sit here if you're not going to have anything to eat or drink

consuma productos andaluces — buy Andalusian products

consumir preferentemente antes de ... — best before ...

2) [+ energía, gasolina] to use, consume frm

mi coche consume muy poco — my car uses very little fuel

consume gran cantidad de gasolina en el despegue — it consumes vast quantities of fuel on take-off

la moto consume cinco litros a los 100kms — the motorbike does 100kms to (every) five litres

3) [+ tiempo] to take up
4) (=extinguir) [+ salud] to destroy

el cáncer lo está consumiendo — cancer is destroying him, he's being wasted away by cancer

estos niños me están consumiendo la paciencia — these children are trying o taxing my patience, my patience is wearing thin with these children

el tejado fue consumido por las llamas — the roof was consumed by the flames

5) (=desesperar)

los celos lo consumen — he is consumed o eaten up with jealousy

su terquedad me consume — his stubbornness gets on my nerves

6) And, CAm (=sumergir) to submerge
2. VI
1) (=comer) to eat; (=beber) to drink

por favor, váyase si no va a consumir — please leave if you're not going to eat or drink

2) (=gastar) to consume

el mercado nos impulsa a consumir sin parar — the market encourages us to consume constantly

3.
See:
* * *
1.
verbo transitivo
1)
a) (frml) <comida/bebida> to eat/drink, consume (frml)

no vamos a consumir nada — we're not going to have anything to eat/drink

consúmase en el día — eat o consume within one day

consumen cantidades industriales de mermelada — (hum) they get through vast quantities of jam (colloq & hum)

b) <gasolina/energía/producto> to consume, use; <tiempo> to take up

este coche consume ocho litros cada 100 kilómetros — this car does 100km on 8 liters of gasoline

c) <salud> to ruin
2) (destruir, acabar con)
a) fuego/llamas to consume

el cáncer lo iba consumiendo — he was wasting away with cancer

c) envidia/celos

la envidia/los celos la consumían — he was consumed by o with envy/jealousy

la ambición la consume — she is burning with ambition

3) (exasperar) to exasperate
2.
consumirse v pron
a) enfermo/anciano to waste away

consumirse de algo: se consumía de pena — she was being consumed by grief

b) vela/cigarrillo to burn down
c) líquido to reduce
* * *
= consume, expend, eat up, swallow up, use up, put away.
Ex. Her eyes were dry and her head bleary from spending all week totally consumed with work.
Ex. Command of various techniques for forecasting payments and managing funds is necessary to expend fully without overspending the annual materials budget.
Ex. The importance of staff atitude is emphasized because the outreach effort has little chance of success without commitment -- it eats up time, energy, enthusiasm and imagination at a rapid rate.
Ex. The growing complexity of computing environments requires creative solutions to prevent the gain in productivity promised by computing advances from being swallowed up by the necessity of moving information from one environment to another.
Ex. Plug-in programs have grown widely, they add functionality to a WWW browser but also use up drive storage space or conflict with other types of programs.
Ex. He put away twice as much wine as usual and it went to his head, so he stretched out on his bed for a nap.
----
* consumir a uno un sentimiento de + Nombre = be consumed by + a feeling of + Nombre.
* consumir energía = consume + energy, take up + energy.
* consumir esfuerzo = take up + energy.
* consumir poco a poco = eat away at.
* consumir + Posesivo + tiempo = swallow up + Posesivo + time.
* consumir rápidamente = devour.
* que consume mucha energía = power-hungry.
* que consume tiempo = time-consuming [time consuming].
* ritual en el que se consumen alucinógenos = mushroom ritual.
* sin consumir = nonconsumptive.
* * *
1.
verbo transitivo
1)
a) (frml) <comida/bebida> to eat/drink, consume (frml)

no vamos a consumir nada — we're not going to have anything to eat/drink

consúmase en el día — eat o consume within one day

consumen cantidades industriales de mermelada — (hum) they get through vast quantities of jam (colloq & hum)

b) <gasolina/energía/producto> to consume, use; <tiempo> to take up

este coche consume ocho litros cada 100 kilómetros — this car does 100km on 8 liters of gasoline

c) <salud> to ruin
2) (destruir, acabar con)
a) fuego/llamas to consume

el cáncer lo iba consumiendo — he was wasting away with cancer

c) envidia/celos

la envidia/los celos la consumían — he was consumed by o with envy/jealousy

la ambición la consume — she is burning with ambition

3) (exasperar) to exasperate
2.
consumirse v pron
a) enfermo/anciano to waste away

consumirse de algo: se consumía de pena — she was being consumed by grief

b) vela/cigarrillo to burn down
c) líquido to reduce
* * *
= consume, expend, eat up, swallow up, use up, put away.

Ex: Her eyes were dry and her head bleary from spending all week totally consumed with work.

Ex: Command of various techniques for forecasting payments and managing funds is necessary to expend fully without overspending the annual materials budget.
Ex: The importance of staff atitude is emphasized because the outreach effort has little chance of success without commitment -- it eats up time, energy, enthusiasm and imagination at a rapid rate.
Ex: The growing complexity of computing environments requires creative solutions to prevent the gain in productivity promised by computing advances from being swallowed up by the necessity of moving information from one environment to another.
Ex: Plug-in programs have grown widely, they add functionality to a WWW browser but also use up drive storage space or conflict with other types of programs.
Ex: He put away twice as much wine as usual and it went to his head, so he stretched out on his bed for a nap.
* consumir a uno un sentimiento de + Nombre = be consumed by + a feeling of + Nombre.
* consumir energía = consume + energy, take up + energy.
* consumir esfuerzo = take up + energy.
* consumir poco a poco = eat away at.
* consumir + Posesivo + tiempo = swallow up + Posesivo + time.
* consumir rápidamente = devour.
* que consume mucha energía = power-hungry.
* que consume tiempo = time-consuming [time consuming].
* ritual en el que se consumen alucinógenos = mushroom ritual.
* sin consumir = nonconsumptive.

* * *
consumir [I1 ]
vt
A
1 (frml); ‹comida/bebida› to consume (frml)
si no van a consumir nada no pueden ocupar la mesa if you're not going to have anything to eat/drink, you can't sit at a table
consuma productos nacionales buy home-produced goods
estos niños consumen cantidades industriales de mermelada (hum); these children get through vast quantities of jam (colloq hum)
una vez abierto consúmase en el día once open, eat o consume within one day
¿cuánto vino se consumió en la recepción? how much wine was drunk at the reception?, how much wine did they get through at the reception? (colloq)
2 ‹gasolina/energía/producto› to consume, use; ‹tiempo› to take up
este coche consume ocho litros a los 100 (kilómetros) this car does 100km on 8 liters of gasoline, ≈ this car does 35 miles to the gallon
aquí consumimos grandes cantidades de papel we use o get through vast quantities of paper here
estás consumiendo mi paciencia you're trying o taxing my patience, my patience is running out o wearing thin
B (destruir, acabar con) «fuego/llamas» to consume; «incendio» to consume, destroy
la terrible enfermedad que lo está consumiendo the terrible disease that is making him waste away
la ambición la consume she is burning with ambition
está consumido por los celos he's eaten up o consumed with jealousy
consumirse
v pron
1 «enfermo/anciano» to waste away consumirse DE algo:
se consumía de celos he was consumed o eaten up with jealousy
se consumía de pena she was being consumed by grief, she was pining away with grief
consumirse EN algo:
se consumía en deseos de volver a verla (liter); he had a burning desire to see her again (liter), he was consumed with desire to see her again (liter)
2 «vela/cigarrillo» to burn down
3 «líquido» to reduce
se deja hervir para que se consuma algo el líquido boil off o away some of the liquid, leave it on the boil to reduce the liquid o so that the liquid reduces
4 (achicarse) to shrink
* * *

 

consumir (conjugate consumir) verbo transitivo
a) (frml) ‹comida/bebidato eat/drink, consume (frml)

b)gasolina/energía/productoto consume, use;

tiempoto take up
c)saludto ruin

d) (destruir) [fuego/llamas] to consume;

[envidia/celos]:
la envidia la consumía she was consumed by o with envy

consumirse verbo pronominal
a) [enfermo/anciano] to waste away;

se consumía de pena she was being consumed by grief

b) [vela/cigarrillo] to burn down

c) [líquido] to reduce

consumir verbo transitivo to consume
consumir antes de..., best before...
'consumir' also found in these entries:
Spanish:
abusar
- agotar
- reconcomer
- consumido
- gastar
- tomar
English:
best
- burn up
- consume
- eat into
- eat up
- swallow up
- use
- carry
- drain
- eat
- swallow
* * *
consumir
vt
1. [producto] to consume;
en casa consumimos mucho aceite de oliva we use a lot of olive oil at home;
consumieron sus refrescos en el bar they had their drinks at the bar;
está prohibido consumir bebidas alcohólicas en los campos de fútbol the consumption of alcohol is forbidden in football grounds;
fue acusado de consumir drogas he was accused of taking drugs;
consumir preferentemente antes de… [en envase] best before…
2. [gastar] to use, to consume;
esta estufa consume mucha electricidad this heater uses a lot of electricity;
esta moto consume muy poco this motorbike uses very little Br petrol o US gas;
mi coche consume 7 litros a los cien ≈ my car does 41 miles to the gallon
3. [desgastar] to wear out;
el rozamiento consume los neumáticos friction wears down the tyres
4. [destruir] [sujeto: fuego] to destroy
5. [destruir] [sujeto: enfermedad] to eat away at;
el cáncer lo va consumiendo poco a poco he's gradually wasting away because of the cancer;
los celos lo consumen he is eaten up by o consumed with jealousy;
este calor me consume this heat is killing me o is too much for me
vi
to consume
See also the pronominal verb consumirse
* * *
consumir
v/t & v/i consume;
consumir preferentemente antes de … COM best before …
* * *
consumir vt
: to consume
See also the reflexive verb consumirse
* * *
consumir vb
1. (usar) to consume / to use
este coche consume mucha gasolina this car uses a lot of petrol
2. (comer, beber) to eat [pt. ate; pp. eaten] / to drink [pt. drank; pp. drunk]
consume dos litros de agua diarios she drinks two litres of water a day
3. (destruir) to destroy
una larga enfermedad lo consume lentamente a long illness is slowly destroying him

Spanish-English dictionary. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • consumir — v. tr. 1. Fazer desaparecer pelo uso ou gasto. 2. Gastar; devorar; destruir. 3. Corroer; apagar (com o tempo). 4. Comer; beber. 5. Dissipar. 6.  [Figurado] Mortificar, ralar. 7.  [Religião católica] Comungar (falando da hóstia) …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • consumir — (Del lat. consumĕre). 1. tr. Destruir, extinguir. U. t. c. prnl.) 2. Utilizar comestibles u otros bienes para satisfacer necesidades o deseos. 3. Gastar energía o un producto energético. 4. Dicho de un sacerdote: Recibir o tomar la comunión en la …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • consumir — (Del lat. consumere.) ► verbo transitivo/ pronominal 1 Hacer que una cosa se destruya o extinga: ■ el perfume se consumió por no estar bien tapado. IRREG. participio .tb: consunto SINÓNIMO agotar desgastar dilapidar 2 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • consumir — (v) (Básico) hacer desaparecer una materia de manera violenta, terminar la existencia de algo Ejemplos: El incendio era tan fuerte que el fuego consumió el edificio entero. Este verano ha sido tan caluroso que se ha consumido la goma de las… …   Español Extremo Basic and Intermediate

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  • consumir — consumar fr. consuma consommer ; dépenser ; consumer. Si consumir : se consumer > « Malandrouso, descarado, te counsumes pauc à pau. » Crousillat « La regalida … s amortiriá pas de tant que m aguèsse pas consumit tot. » R. Lafont …   Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu

  • consumir — con|su|mir Mot Agut Verb transitiu i pronominal …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • consumir(se) — Sinónimos: ■ comer, beber, comprar, gastar ■ agotar, acabar, extinguir, disipar, terminar ■ desazonarse, impacientarse, desesperarse, afligirse, atormentarse, conturbarse, turbarse …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos


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